As one of the five senses, sight is usually mentioned first. And little wonder, if we consider what an integral part of our life’s experience is based on what we see.
Color is a huge part of that — and it goes beyond “sight” as well. We use color not only to pinpoint a place on the visible spectrum, but also to describe intangible factors such as emotions and character traits.
Ever wonder why people talk about “orchestral color”? This seeming contradiction in terms is actually one of the fundamental ways we can “see” music in our minds as well as hear it in our ears. The Russian composer Alexander Scriabin went so far as to associate individual colors on the visual spectrum with specific musical chords; the colors themselves are written into the score for his last orchestral piece, his Fifth Symphony (Prometheus: The Poem of Fire), composed in 1910.
Recognizing the importance of color and its impact on how humans think and behave, marketers and branding specialists have long made use of the power of color in advertising and design. This continues today in the digital world of websites and other electronic media, where the choice of colors has measurable impact on website engagement and conversions.
Marketing and design specialist Raj Vardhman has compiled a number of interesting facts about the “psychology of color” and its impact on viewer engagement:
- It takes approximately 90 seconds for a viewer to make a quick product assessment — and two-thirds of this judgment is based on color.
- Color is a key reason for selecting a particular product. For instance, two-thirds of shoppers won’t purchase a large appliance if it isn’t available in their preferred color.
- The classic notion of “pink for girls” and “blue for boys” turns out to be generally true (despite the penchant for choosing yellow when a family doesn’t want to “channel” their newborn towards a particular gender identity). Bold colors or shades of blue, black and darker green are preferred by most men, whereas more women prefer soft colors or tints of purple, pink, rose and lighter green.
Furthermore, attitudinal studies show that main color groups convey certain characteristics:
- Red embodies life, excitement and boldness. It’s used often in iconic consumer brands, but also to announce clearance sales.
- Blue telegraphs productivity, tranquility and trust. Is it any wonder that blue colors are the hands-down favorite among commercial/industrial product brands?
- Green evokes growth, nature and harmony. Its use has been growing in recent decades.
- Yellow personifies joy, intellect and energy. It’s employed by brands to evoke cheerful, sunny feelings.
- Purple suggests wealth and royalty. It’s no accident that “royal purple” has been with us since Renaissance times.
- Black projects authority, power and elegance. Not surprisingly, it’s the most popular choice for marketing luxury products. But it can be highly effective in promoting technology products as well.
- White and silver communicate perfection and pristine clarity. These colors are also popular with technology products, but are used very often in healthcare-related products and services.
These time-honored color characteristics are very much in play in the world of websites. Such aspects are a factor in nine out of ten visitors to a website — half of whom report that they won’t return to a website based on the site’s lack of aesthetics, not just its functionality.
As well, the colors of call-to-action buttons are significant, as studies show that red, orange and green CTA buttons are the best ones for conversions (but only if they stand out from the rest of the content on the screen).
More fundamentally, what this means for website designers is that despite the desire to be “different” or “distinct” from others in the marketplace, many attitudes about color are so fundamental, that to fly in the face of them could well be a risky endeavor.
2 thoughts on “How the psychology of color “colors” the effectiveness of websites.”
A few years ago, I was surprised to learn that in Antiquity the Greeks did not have a word for “blue.” Skies were “greenish.” How very curious.
Composers make of color what they will.
For Sir Arthur Bliss, in his Colour Symphony, blue means “Sapphires, Deep Water, and Skies”, as one would expect, but also “Loyalty and Melancholy”. Purple is the color of “Amethysts, Pageantry, Royalty”, but also the color of “Death”.