In the study of demographics – a field that has had its share of doomsayers over the years – the irrepressible Joel Kotkin has been a continuing voice of optimism. The Distinguished Presidential Fellow in Urban Futures at Chapman University and an authority on economic, political and social trends as well as demographics, Kotkin has also been one to defend suburbia as one of the key ingredients of successful urban development.
It’s been interesting to watch how these views have played out in relation to the predilection of many in the American elite to denigrate anything pertaining to the suburban lifestyle. In their characterization, “suburbia” is synonymous with faceless neighborhoods punctuated by numbingly similar commercial strip developments featuring cookie-cutter national chain stores and restaurants. The only difference between suburban Los Angeles and suburban Chicago is the palm trees.
The suburban mindset has also been maligned by many as being obsessed with material pursuits and economic upward mobility … and possessing little if any thinking that’s “progressive.”
As an example of this side of the debate, the publication of Richard Florida’s book The Rise of the Creative Class – with its claims that metropolitan areas with high concentrations of high-tech employees, artists, musicians and gay people correlate to a higher level of economic development – articulates a theory that has been far better received by the news media and other members of the American intelligentsia.
Now, along comes Kotkin’s newest book … and with it his latest intriguing predictions. In The Next Hundred Million: America in 2050, Kotkin argues that the coming 40 years will witness a resurgent America, even as the population swells by another 100 million souls. Comparing the birth rates of America to all other developed nations, along with the continued in-migration of people from other countries – particular Asian and Latin American – Kotkin contends that no other country anywhere will enjoy such ethnic diversity. And to Kotkin, youth and diversity equate with strength.
By contrast, Kotkin maintains that “most of the developed countries in both Europe and Asia will become veritable old-age homes.” Many of these nations, with their generous social safety nets, will face huge pension obligations without having younger workers to help shoulder the costs.
Kotkin’s bottom-line prediction is that Europe and Asia will decline even as America thrives. And not just economically but also culturally: “The most affluent, culturally rich and successful nation in human history.”
Kotkin also believes that the large new numbers of Americans will flock to – where else – the suburbs, which he characterizes as “the best, most practical choice for raising their families and enjoying the benefits of community.”
No doubt, there will be those who question Mr. Kotkin’s conclusions and predictions. What about the rise of China? How will illegal versus legal immigration affect social and economic trends? How about the widening gulf between the earning power of “technocrats” and the rest of the population? Not to mention the collapse of the family unit which has rendered so much of the fabric of “inner-urban” America dysfunctional at best … hopeless at worst?
Either way, this book is very interesting and helps us reappraise some of the “big trends” in social demography. The theories of Richard Florida’s “creative class” ring decidedly less compelling today, barely six or seven years on. It’s time now to consider Joel Kotkin’s interesting theories — with the same critical eye, of course.
3 thoughts on “Joel Kotkin: America’s Best Years Are Still Ahead”
Demographers have some interesting views, no doubt about it. Twenty years ago, I remember browsing a copy of American Demographics (a magazine) in a local bookstore. There was an article in it that compared U.S. and overseas consumer spending. The author adduced that—at the time—Americans were consuming more than, say, the Japanese, because America’s population was younger. The older people get, the more likely they are to save. He predicted that American consumer spending would taper off in twenty years or so because the affluent Baby Boom would start retiring.
It is true that the U.S. has younger generations to help shoulder its economic burden. But we still have a huge demographic pig in the python. And in the short term, that pig is going to be devouring huge tranches of taxpayer-subsidized health care and social security while consuming less of just about everything else.
Demographers believe demographics are destiny—it’s a Spenglerian world view. I guess we’ll see if they’re right.
Quote: Kotkin’s bottom-line prediction is that Europe and Asia will decline even as America thrives. And not just economically but also culturally: “The most affluent, culturally rich and successful nation in human history.”
With all due respect, this sounds like propaganda to me. Looking at the long period that ‘human history’ spans, America’s leading position in nearly everything imaginable, from roughly 1945 to the early/mid eighties when cracks started to appear and other regions caught up, can fairly be compared to a tiny blip on the radar.
As America is a relatively young country it is hard to make long term 100+ years predictions – but during the rest of our lifetime, we’re guaranteed to see Asia continuing the lead they now have.
[…] Urban development guru Joel Kotkin sees this development in a larger sociological context — noting that people tend to “self-select” where they live based on “like” characteristics that go beyond mere economic elements to also include psychographic aspects. […]